Biographical Dictionary of British Coleopterists

Michael Darby

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Mentioned by Dawson (1854) p.158: 'I am indebted to Mr Hadfield for a fine series of varieties [of Stenolophus dorsalis] which he procured from a gravel pit on Stapleford Common near Newark, where he has taken them both in Spring and autumn, among grass and rushes'. (MD 3/03)


Gave Coleoptera from Ecuador to the NHM in 1894 (1894-70). He gave his address as Ditchingham House, Bungay. (MD 3/03)

HAINES, Frederick Haselfoot (19 February 1864 - 1946)

Born in London the son of Frederick Haines, a solicitor and Shakespearian scholar, and educated at University College School and University College Hospital where he obtained his D.P.H. in 1899. Married Eva Mary Fenn, daughter of the well-known author George Manville Fenn and had four children. Assisted Dr Ling of Saxmundham, Suffolk for one year before setting up in practice for himself at Brentford, Middlesex and later at Winfrith, Dorset. He remained there until 1923, when he retired from medical practice in order to pursue his great passion in natural history full time, and moved to Appleslade, Linwood, in the New Forest. Here he built his own house in wood, which he felt would be more in keeping with his surroundings, and established a nature reserve - part forest, part heath and part fen. He died after a short illness at Appleslade.

Haines was an all round naturalist and antiquarian, being called at one time the Gilbert White of the New Forest. He collected in all entomological orders and sometimes alluded to himself as a 'philanderer in entomology'. The compiler of his obituary in Journal of the Society for British Entomology, 3, 1946, pp. 37-39, wrote: 'nothing however could be less true, for he had an astonishing knowledge of all orders and a wonderful memory for names, passing from Order to Order and rarely at fault when naming a species. Sometimes he would be offered specimens caught in his own grounds, which he himself had not come across, but would invariably refuse them, and so great was his generosity that he would quite willingly part with specimens of which he had only singles in his own collection.'

Haines's work on Coleoptera led him to establish a colony of Aromia moschata on Salix which he himself had planted, and to the discovery of Agrilus viridis on the same trees. His publications included a comprehensive list of some of the more local Dorset Coleoptera he had captured in EMM, 53, 1917, pp. 162-164.

Haines was a member of the Dorset Field Club, being Secretary of the Natural History Section and later Vice President, and of the Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society. He contributed many papers to the journals of both including a series on 'The Insects of Hampshire' in the Proceedings of the latter (annual until 1939).

There is also an obituary in EMM, 82, 1946, p. 96. (MD 3/03)


Specimens from Halbert are in the H. Britten collection at Manchester. (MD 3/03)

HALBERT, James Nathaniel (30 August 1871 - 7 May 1948)

Well-known Irish entomologist who worked at the Science and Art Museum, Dublin (now the National Museum of Ireland) from 1892 to 1923. He was appointed Technical Assistant in 1904 and Assistant Naturalist, in place of G.H. Carpenter, a few months later. His first publications concentrated mainly on Coleoptera and appeared in the Irish Naturalist from 1892 (listed in Ryan et al. (1984) pp. 64-67. These led to the work for which he is best known by Coleopterists: 'A List of the Beetles of Ireland' which he wrote with the Rev. W.F. Johnson, and which appeared in Proc. R. Irish Academy, 3rd series, VI (4), 1902, pp. 535-827. He also worked on other Irish insects, and published similar lists of Neuroptera (1910, with J.J.F.X. King), Hemiptera (1935) and fresh water mites (1944). In the last group he discovered and described more than forty species and subspecies from Ireland, and he was the author of several new genera.

His friend B.P. Beirne, who wrote his obituary in EMM, 84, 1948, p. 167, stated: 'Halbert's chief personal characteristics were his unfailing good humour and cheerfulness. He was always ready to assist others and [I am]...only one of many who owe much to his continued guidance and encouragement. Halbert had many interests apart from entomology. He was an expert ornithologist, musician and chess-player. He had an extensive knowledge of literature and art. He amassed large collections of stamps and post-marks'.

Halbert died at his home in Dalkey, Co. Dublin, after a long illness, and was survived by four sisters.

There is another, longer obituary, also by Beirne, in Irish Naturalists Journal, 9, 1948, pp. 168-171. (MD 3/03)

HALIDAY, Alexander Henry (21 November 1807 - 13 July 1870)

Born in Belfast and educated at Trinity College, Dublin. Subsequently studied for the law, and was called to the bar, but he preferred the study of literature and natural history, and it is not clear whether he ever practised. He settled in the North of Ireland where, in 1843, he was elected High Sheriff of Antrim. In 1860, for reasons of health, he moved to Italy where he took up residence with his relative, Signor Pisani, at the Villa Pisani, near Lucca. Following a visit to Sicily with Dr Perceval Wright his health deteriorated and he died in Lucca aged 63.

Haliday is best known as a Dipterist, and later as a Hymenopterist and worker on the Thysanoptera, but before pursuing these studies he worked for a short time on the Coleoptera and there are many references to him in the contemporary literature, particulary for his captures around the shores of Lough Neagh and on Slubh Donard. From the latter he described a new species Calathus nubigena in 1838, but this was subsequently synonymised with melanocephalus.

Haliday gave various Coleoptera to the British Museum (Natural History): 1846/70 and 72, 1851/9, 1863/20,77, and 83, 1868/36.

A note in the Newsletter of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History, 13, February 1982, mentions that R. Nash of Belfast was writing a Ph.D. entitled 'Life and Work of an Irish Entomologist A.H. Haliday'.

Gilbert (1977) p. 156, lists ten obituary and other notices including EMM, 7, 1870, p. 91. (MD 3/03)

HALL, Charles A.

Wrote Common British Beetles in Blacks Peeps at Nature Series. Ernest Lewis, who took up beetles as a result of reading Hall's book as a child, tells me that Hall 'was that ecclesiastical rarity, a minister of the Swedenborgian New Church of Jeruslaem, and editor of its magazine'. (MD 3/03)

HALL, Christopher George (1842 - 3 September 1890)

Son of an East India Merchant. Lived first at Forest Hill, near London, and later at Deal and Dover. Appears to have been interested in entomology at an early age and pursued this interest together with his career as a musician.

Hall published 21 notes and articles on insects before his death most of which are on Lepidoptera. Several, however, relate to Coleoptera including 'Cerambyx cerdo at Deal' in Ent., 16, 1883, pp. 23-24. He worked closely with E.A. Newbery.

Hall's collection of Coleoptera was purchased by the Werneth Park Study Centre and Natural History Museum at Oldham, in 1924. It is housed in sixty drawers and consists mostly of material from Dover, Deal and South London, but also includes later material from the north of England. It is accompanied by a manuscript Register of specimens. Later specimens (from J.E. Cope and others) have been added to the collection including all the species listed in Holden Clough, The Natural History of a small Lancashire Valley, 1971. (MD 3/03)

HALL, Derrick Gordon (1923 - 1978)

Made an extensive collection of Coleoptera from the home counties which was divided in 1981 between North Hertfordshire Museum at Baldock, the Horniman Museum and the British Museum (Natural History). All manuscript and related material is housed at Baldock. Hall was in contact with many of the Coleopterists of his day and the collection at Baldock includes material from A.J. Barnes (the bulk of his collection of c.4,000 specimens at least), E.C. Bedwell, Edmunds, E.G. Elliman, Hadfield, James Hignett, Edward Shepherd, C.E. Stott, G.M. Ashe, Tomlin, G.B. Walsh (many specimens), J.J. Walker, E.A. Newbery, F.D. Buck, K.M. Guichard, M.A. Park, Batten, H.D. Swain, Chaney, C.H.W. Pugh, May, R.D. Weal, and F.J. Coulson. (I am grateful to Trevor James for this information).

There is an obituary of Hall in London Naturalist, 58, 1978, which I have not seen. (MD 3/03)


He wrote one article, 'Coleoptera from Hastings' in Trans. City of Lond. Ent. Nat. Hist. Soc., 1896, p. 5, which is referred to by Joseph Cribb in EMM, 90, 1954, p. 80. (MD 3/03)

HALLETT, Howard Mountjoy (1878 - 15 May 1958)

Born in St. Mary Church, S. Devon but lived most of his life in Wales at Penarth, near Cardiff. His main interest was the Aculeate Hymenoptera but he also collected Coleoptera and Hemiptera. Colin Matheson, who wrote his obituary in EMM, 94. 1958, p. 209, noted: 'The total of his donations of entomological material [to the National Museum of Wales] over a period of 47 years numbered more than 11,000 specimens of which Hymenoptera, Coleoptera and Hemiptera formed the great bulk'.

Hallett was responsible for editing the extensive entomological section in the County History of Glamorgan, 1, 1936, much of which he had written himself. Another important publication which dealt with Coleoptera was his supplementary list of the Coleoptera of Herefordshire (to that of J.R. le B. Tomlin) which appeared in the Transactions of the Woolhope Club after his move from Penarth to Lea Bailey on the Herefordshire/Gloucestershire border in 1935. Other papers on Coleoptera were published in the Transactions of the Cardiff Naturalists Society.

Hallett was at one time President of the Cardiff Naturalist's Society and also acted for many years as the Society's Librarian and Editor. He also sat on the Council of the National Museum of Wales. (MD 3/03)


Published two articles on 'The Glow Worm's Light' and 'Ladybird' in Science Gossip, 10, 1874, pp. 85-88 and 94. (MD 3/03)


Published an article on the stag beetle in Science Gossip, 10, 1874, p. 185. Presumably a relative of the above. (MD 3/03)

HALSTEAD, David Gordon Howarth (b. 24 February 1937)

Born in Dover and educated at Queen Mary College, London University. Wrote his Ph.D. on 'A systematic and biological study of the genus Palorus Mulsant (sens. lat.)'. He worked in the Government laboratory at Slough from 1953 mainly on the biology and systematics of beetles associated with stored products.

Halstead's particular specialisations within the Coleoptera are the Tenebrionidae (Palorus and Tribolium); Silvanidae (Silvaninae); Dermestidae (Attagenus) and the British Histeridae. These have been the subject of many of his publications, the most important of which are as follows: Coleoptera: Histeroidea, Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects, 1963; 'A revision of the genus Palorus (sens. lat.)', Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist., (Ent). 19 (2), 1967, pp. 59-148; 'Biological studies on species of Palorus and Coelopalorus with comparative notes on Tribolium and Latheticus', J. Stored Prod. Res., 2, 1967, pp. 273-313; 'A new species of Tribolium from North America previously confused with Tribolium madens (Charp.), ibid., 4, 1969, pp. 295-304; 'A revision of the genus Silvanus Latreille (sens. lat.)', Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist., 29(2), 1973, pp. 39-112; 'Attagenus woodroffei sp.n. previously confused with Attagenus fasciatus (Thunberg)', Notulae Entomologicae, 59, 1979, pp. 97-104 (with M. Green); 'A revision of the genus Oryzaephilus Ganglbauer, including descriptions of related genera', Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 69(4), 1980, pp. 271-374; 'Taxonomic notes on some Attagenus spp. associated with stored products, including a new black species from Africa', J. Stored Prod. Res., 17(3), 1981, pp. 91-99; and 'Keys for the identification of beetles associated with stored products 1. Introduction and keys to families', J. Stored Prod. Res., 23(4), 1986, pp. 163-203.

Halstead maintained a small general collection of British beetles including some specimens collected by G.E. Woodroffe, a former colleague. Some types of the foreign material he has described are in the collection of the Slough Laboratory.

FRES. FLS. Member BENHS since 1955. (Information from D.G.H.H. in 1988). (MD 3/03)


Published 'Capture of Trachodes hispidus' in EMM, 2, 1866, p. 87. (MD 3/03)


Gave various insects including 55 beetles from Madras to the NHM in 1850 (1850/103). (MD 3/03)

HAMILTON, G.E. Barrett

Gave 24 beetles from the Behring Islands to the NHM in 1897 (1897/66). (MD 3/03)

HAMLYN, Edward Tremayne

Curator of Entomology at Plymouth Athenaeum. Collected Coleoptera and left his collection to Plymouth.

FRES from 1952 (MD 3/03)

HAMM, Albert Harry (1861 - 9 January 1951)

Well known entomologist who worked at the HDO. He is not known for an interest in beetles but it is worth recording that W.W. Fowler, in his introductory volume to the FBI series, notes that Hamm made a study of Cicindelid burrows. He is also recorded to have worked on the fauna of birds' and moles' nests, which presumably included Coleoptera. Gilbert (1977) lists five obituaries. (MD 3/03)

HAMMOND, Harold Edward (18 July 1902 - 15 December 1963)

Well known Lepidopterist (worked on larvae in particular) who is not recorded to have had an interest in Coleoptera. It is worth noting, however, that as a member of the Amateur Entomologists Society in 1962 he listed his interests as Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Hammond lived for much of his adult life in Birmingham. Gilbert (1977) lists three obituaries. (MD 3/03)


Mentioned by Stephens (1828) pp. 77, 176, and (1829) pp. 88-89, as finding various Coleoptera in Berkshire, particularly at Lawrence Waltham, which was perhaps where he lived. (MD 3/03)


Coleoptera from Northumberland bearing this name are represented in the D.G. Hall collection at Oldham Museum (information from Simon Hayhow). (MD 3/03)


Coleoptera bearing this name collected in the Dover area of Kent in 1860 are in the Hall collection at Oldham Museum (information from Simon Hayhow). (MD 3/03)

HARDWICKE, Thomas (d. 1835)

A Major General in the Army in India. Published a number of articles on insects including 'Description of a species of Meloe... found in all parts of Bengal, Behar and Oude, and possessing all the properties of the Spanish fly' in Asiatic Researches, 5, 1798, pp. 213-217. Also published with J.E. Gray, Illustrations of Indian Zoology, 1830-1835. An article about this last by W.R. Dawson, together with some biographical notes on Hardwicke appeared in Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History, 3, 1946, pp. 55-69. A further article in the same periodical by F.C. Sawyer (1953, pp. 48-55) deals with the dates of publication of the Illustrations.

Hardwicke's work on Coleoptera in India is referred to by W.W. Fowler and other authors in the FBI series, eg. J.G. Arrow, Lamellicornia, part 2, 1919, p. 90, Hardwicke took types of Popillia cupricollis, Hope, in Nepal. His collection is referred to by F.W. Hope in J. Linn. Soc., 1 (2), 1833, p.92.

I have a note that there is a mention of Hardwicke in Edward Balfour's Cyclopaedia of India, 1873, but I have not seen this, also that Hardwicke had drawings made professionally of the beetles in his 'Nepal Collection'. (MD 3/03)

HARDY, James (1 June 1815 - October 1899)

Born at Bilsdean, East Lothian, on the Berwickshire border, the son of George and Elizabeth Hardy, farmers. In 1817 his parents moved a few miles away to Penmanshiel where James attended the village school. Later he moved to Sir Andrew Wood's Institution at Largo before going firstly to Edinburgh University and then to Glasgow University where he studied the natural sciences between 1837-39. He doesn't appear to have taken a degree at either, although he was subsequently awarded a doctorate by Edinburgh (in 1890) in recognition of his services to science. In 1840 he set up as a teacher in a private academy in Gateshead, where he stayed for several years before returning to Penmanshiel as a result of ill health.

Hardy's interest in natural history was stimulated by Sir William Hooker, and also Dr George Johnston, the founder of the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club, with which Hardy himself was subsequently much involved as Secretary. In June 1881 his work for the Club was acknowledged by the gift of a cheque for 111 and a microscope, and in 1890 he received a further cheque for 400 and an illuminated address.

His work on Coleoptera started at least as early as 1834 when he published a 'List of the Coleopterous Insects collected in the neighbourhood of the Pease Bridge' in Hist. Berwicksh. Nat. Club, 1834, pp. 228-229. Numerous other articles then followed on a wide range of subjects which were interspersed with further notes on beetles, not just in this periodical but also in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. and Trans. Tyneside Nat. Field Club.

At an early date Hardy started an Association of Tyneside entomologists called the Wallis Society which met in his house. T.J. Bold was also a member and together the two men wrote their Catalogue of the Insects of Northumberland and Durham, 1846-52, which covered Coleoptera only. Shortly afterwards Hardy contributed to Murray's Catalogue of the Coleoptera of Scotland, 1853, and published the first of several important notes on the Turnip beetle and other insects injurious to turnips.

Hardy died at his home and is buried in the Priory Church at Coldingham. There are obituaries in Hist. Berwicksh. Nat. Club, 16, 1898, pp. 341-372, which includes a complete bibliography; Ann. Scott. Nat. Hist., 1899, pp. 1-6; and EMM, 35, 1898, pp. 16-17.

An article about Hardy's entomological notebooks by E.B. Basden, appeared in the Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History, 4, 1962, pp. 44-47. (MD 3/03)

HARDY, John Ray (1844 - 5 April 1921)

Born in Nether Hallam, Yorkshire, and moved to Manchester when still a child. He was for a time in charge of the Manchester Marine Aquarium, and after that Keeper of the Queen's Park Museum. When the collections of the Manchester Natural History Society and the Manchester Geological Society were transferred to Owen's College he left Queen's Park to look after them, being appointed Assisant Keeper in 1889 (after the collections moved into their new buildings in 1888 as the Manchester Museum) and then Senior Assistant Keeper and Entomological Curator in 1901, a position he held until his retirement in 1918.

Hardy's father, John, was a keen naturalist and undoubtedly fired the early enthusiasm of his son in entomology, particularly Lepidoptera and Coleoptera. According to R. Standen in his obituary in Lancashire and Cheshire Naturalist, 13, May 1921, pp. 219-223, Hardy's 'prowess and singular aptitude for collecting brought him under the notice of several prominent entomologists, by whom he was from time to time commissioned to collect specimens... In this capacity he collected extensively in Lancashire and adjoining counties, the Lincolnshire Fens, and Ireland and Scotland, on several occasions spending six months in a season at Killarney, or Rannock, and obtained many rarities - not a few being additions to the British fauna'. Sherwood Forest was also a favourite haunt and he published a list of the butterflies there.

In 1872 Standen records that Hardy went to America 'to collect Coleoptera, etc. on behalf of several gentlemen'. He started in San Fracisco where he teamed up with a collector of bird skins named Laquien, and collected extensively in California and Mexico, visiting the Yosemite Valley. After this he undertook another long journey through Colarado, Arizona and Utah, narrowly escaping death at the hands of the Apache Indians, before returning to England in 1874.

The find of which Hardy was apparently most proud was of Pryopteris affinis in Killarney and later Sherwood, at that time the only two locations for it. Standen also records that although Hardy was a keen conchologist, ornithologist, taxidermist and osteologist, 'beetles were first and always his chief favourites, and a group in which he made many important discoveries. It was unfortunate that these discoveries should, in many cases through his reluctance to place them on record, fall to the credit of others who subsequently published them'.

Hardy's collection amounting to some 16,000 specimens was passed by Mrs Minshull to the Manchester Museum on 28 March 1953. Much of the data is rather confusing, labels on specimens contradicting localities on the bases of pill boxes. There are also Hardy specimens in the Britten collection at Manchester and in the collection at Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum, which were exchanged with Manchester on 13 April 1976.

Hardy married Mary Eglin Hall, great grand-daughter of Elias Hall, the well known geologist.

Apart from the obituary quoted above Gilbert (1977) mentions one by H. Britten in Rep. Trans. Manchester Ent. Soc., 19, 1922, pp. 71-72. (MD 3/03)


Worked in the Entomology Department at Rothamsted Experimental Station. His particular interest was in agricultural entomology and the physiology of Coccinellidae.


HARKER, James Allen (d. 1894)

Published 'Contribution towards the history of the Coleoptera of the district [Perthshire]' in Proc. Perthshire Soc. Nat. Sci., 1869-1870, pp. 92-94, and 'Carabus nitens' in Scottish Naturalist, 1, 1871, p. 20. He also wrote a note on 'The study of entomology', ibid., p. 254.

Gilbert (1977) notes obituaries in Science, 6, 1894, p. 137 and Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., 1894-5, p. 32, which I have not seen. (MD 3/03)


Specimens bearing this name are in the Hall collection at Oldham Museum (Information from Simon Hayhow). (MD 3/03)


Published a list of the Beetles of British Guiana in Timehri, 2 (NS), 1889, pp. 62-64. (MD 3/03)

Sharon Reid at the Central Science Laboratory (DEFRA), York, informs me that there are specimens labelled Harper, which is presumably this Harper, in the F. Bates collection there (see BATES, F. and WILLIAMS, B.S.) (MD 10/03)


Presented many insects to the NHM in the 1840s including Coleoptera from Australia (1844/129) and from N. India and S. America (1845/66). (MD 3/03)

HARRIS, John Thomas (1830 - 3 October 1892)

Lived in Burton on Trent where he was Sub Manager of the Burton, Uttoxeter and Ashbourne Union Bank, and a much-respected local figure. As a Coleopterist Harris took many species of importance and added at least three species to the British list, but is, nevertheless, almost unknown. His only publication was 'Occurrence of Calosoma inquisitor near Burton on Trent' in EMM, 2, 1865, p. 64, and Ent., 2, 1865, p. 321, so that most of what we know about him comes from his obituary notice written by W.W. Fowler in EMM, 28, 1892, p. 21: 'Mr Harris was very retiring, and few people knew much of him beyond his own immediate circle of friends, but it would be impossible to find a man of a more kindly or unselfish nature. The writer of this notice well remembers the pleasant times which he spent, when quite a beginner, in his room overlooking the Trent, going over his collection, and determining captures and localities, and rarely leaving without some good insects'.

Fowler also states that Harris was a very keen natural historian and that botany had been his early interest before Coleoptera took over. His collection of beetles was 'excellent' and included 'many good things'. The species he took which were new to Britain were Macronychus quadrituberculatus Muller, Scybalicus oblongiusculus (Dejean) and Bagous diglyptus Boheman. E.C. Rye, who recorded these captures, is mentioned in EMM, 1, 1864, p. 117, as Harris's friend and fellow collector.

Harris was a member of the Entomological Society, and one of the founder members of the Burton-on-Trent Natural History and Archaeological Society, of which he was one of the early Presidents, and later Vice President.

Apart from the obituary mentioned above there is also a brief note by F.D. Godman in Trans. ESL, 1892, pp. lv-lvi. (MD 3/03)

HARRISON, George Heslop

Published what was thought to be a new British Species, Deronectes canariensis (Bedel), along with other Coleoptera from the Outer Hebrides, in EMM, 72, 1936, pp. 52-53. The determination was made by F. Balfour Browne and has now been discredited. Harrison was attached for some time to the University of Durham. Related to J.W.H. Harrison (see below). (MD 3/03)

HARRISON, John William Heslop (1881-1967)

Related to George Heslop Harrison (see above) and recorded to have shared his interest in Coleoptera.

Gilbert (1977) lists two obituaries: Ent., 100, 1967, pp. 113-114, and Biogr. Mem. Fellows R. Soc., 14, 1968, pp. 243-270 with a bibliography and portrait. (MD 3/03)


Published 'Geophilus electricus a food of Coleoptera' in Ent., 2, 1864, pp. 41-42. (MD 3/03)


Gave 27 beetles from India to the NHM in 1864 (1864/68). (MD 3/03)

HART, Thomas H.

Published several notes on Coleoptera in the Ent. between 1878 and 1884 including annual accounts of captures for 1878 (12, 1879, pp. 61- 62) and 1879 (13, 1880, pp. 112-114), and a note on the genus Phaedon (15, 1882, pp. 23-24). He lived at Ashford in Kent. (MD 3/03)


Published 'Blaps mortisaga at Hitchin' in EMM, 21, 1884, p. 112. (MD 3/03)


A.A. Allen notes a specimen of Trichodes alvearus in Manchester Museum bearing this name, ex. collection Sidebotham (ERJV, 79, 1967, p. 57). (MD 3/03)

HARWOOD, Bernard Smith (1876 - 10 October 1933)

Eldest son of William Henry Harwood (see below) and brother of Philip (see below). Primarily interested in Lepidoptera but his short obituary in EMM, 69, 1933, pp. 256-257 states that 'he shared to the full his father's wide practical knowledge of the British insect fauna, and carried on the business on their removal to Sudbury nearly twenty years ago... He devoted a large share of his attention to the Coleoptera and the Hymenoptera, and amassed a very fine private collection of these Orders; and he was also concerned in forwarding large consignments of living insects of economic value in combating the many destructive pests of this class in Australia and elsewhere'.

Harwood published a number of notes on Coleoptera in various periodicals from 1897 when 'Coleoptera in January' appeared in Ent., 30, p. 82. Many concerned records in the area of the family home in Colchester. It is clear that he did a considerable amount of collecting with his brother.

Harwood's collection passed to his brother Philip.

He died in Sudbury, Suffolk. Apart from the obituary mentioned above there is another in Ent., 66, 1933, p. 264 (by W.S. Gilles). (MD 3/03)

HARWOOD, Philip (1881/1882 - 17 August 1957)

Born in Colchester, Essex, younger son of William Henry Harwood (see below) and brother of Bernard Smith Harwood (see above). Educated at Colchester Grammar School before joining the Westminster Bank where he worked in the Blackheath office. He signed up for the army on the outbreak of War in 1914 and took part in the Battle of the Somme. After 1918 he worked at the bank's Newbury and Westerham branch, before being finally posted in 1925 to the Winton branch at Bournemouth where he remained until his retirement in 1942 after 42 years service.

Harwood had long loved the Highlands and took his holidays at Aviemore every year from 1922-1939. After retiring he went to live there and at Kincraig, where he bought a house, and where many entomologists visiting the Highlands stayed. Feeling the need for a milder climate he moved in 1952 to Wimborne in Dorset where he died and is buried with his wife Olive (nee Johnson) whom he had married in 1920.

Harwood's interest in insects was stimulated by his father and brother at an early age and remained with him throughout his life. A detailed diary which he kept (in the HDO, see below) records the date and place of his collecting activities and lists the main species seen, and makes clear that his industry in the field was quite remarkable. He often collected on every weekend throughout the year, regardless of the weather, and on every available evening throughout the summer. Even in 1952, when he was seventy, he was in the field on 125 occasions.

His particular interests were Hemiptera, Hymenoptera and Coleoptera, and, not surprisingly, he built up impressive collections of each family amounting to 9 cabinets with 182 drawers and almost 100 store boxes.

Harwood wrote comparatively little given his knowledge and enthusiasm, but did contribute a long series of notes, many of which concern Coleoptera, to the EMM from 1906 when 'Coleoptera from the Newbury District' (pp. 87-89) appeared. From 1918 when he published 'Scaphium immaculatum a new genus and species in Britain' (based on captures at St Margaret's Bay, Kent) (54, pp. 131-132), many noted new species to Britain. These included Ochthephilum fracticorne (1920, p. 231); Calodera uliginosa (64, 1928, p. 5), found when collecting with his friend B.S. Williams at Christchurch, Hampshire; Trox perlatus (1929, p. 171) found when working the cliffs between Swanage and Lulworth; Myrmechixenus subterraneus (1930, p. 153) found in an ant's nest near Ringwood; Malthodes crassicornis (mentioned by A.A. Allen 73, 1937, p. 191); Obrium brunneum (72, 1936, p.149, written with L.G. Cox) Harwood took his example beating hawthorn blossom near Wimborne; and others.

Harwood appears to have been friendly with most of the Coleopterists of his day and to have exchanged specimens with many of them. His collections of insects, which included thoser of his father and brother, were divided between the NHM and the HDO, the latter getting the Coleoptera. Smith (1986) lists these as '533 specimens of Staphylinid beetles of the genus Atheta... (July 1956)...Collection of British Coleoptera and Diptera consisting of six cabinets containing 85 drawers of Coleoptera (approximately 100,000 specimens) ... also 10 store boxes of Coleoptera (presented by Mrs Harwood 1957). She also presented his microscope and his diaries, together with those of his brother. They cover the period 1888-1916 and 1918-1957. His books and papers were distributed amongst his friends. He was immaculate in his setting and used a standard 13 x 4mm card for all the smaller specimens with full data written underneath.

The Fenscore National Database also records that there are 'Harwood and Cox' specimens in the Britten collection at Manchester.

FRES from 1910. Member AES. Founder member of BENHS.

There are obituaries in EMM, 94, 1957, p. 60, by S.C.S. Brown (includes a portrait) from which much of the above is taken, and Proc. RESL, 22(C), 1957-58, p. 74. Gilbert (1977) includes the same portrait as above. (MD 3/03)

HARWOOD, William Henry (25 February 1840 - 24 December 1917)

Born at Colchester in Essex and educated at the Royal Grammar School there before being apprenticed to Messrs Smith and Shenstone, chemists. After completing his indentures he decided to take up entomology full time and devoted himself mainly to the Lepidoptera. His interest in Coleoptera started in the early 1880s when he also became interested in Hymenoptera-Aculeata, which became his favourite group. Later he took up other orders too, devoting much attention to species of economic importance in particular.

He compiled the insect section of the VCH of Essex and published 'Callidium sanguineum L. in Essex' in EMM, 1914, p. 119. He married Elizabeth Dixon in 1875 and had four children, two of his sons Philip and Bernard Smith (see above) becoming active entomologists. He died at Sudbury in Suffolk.

Harwood's collection passed to his son Philip (see above). Specimens collected by him in Essex in 1883-1884 are in the Hall collection at Oldham Museum (Information from Simon Hayhow).

There are obituaries in EMM, 54, 1918, pp. 40-41; Ent. News, 29, 1918, p. 40; and Proc. SLENHS, 1918-1919, p. 37. (MD 3/03)


A collection belonging to Mr Hatchett is mentioned by Stephens (1828) p. 133. (MD 3/03)


Published 'On the Coleoptera infesting granaries' in Natural History Review, 1855, pp. 14-15. Is this perhaps the same J. Haughton mentioned by Johnson & Halbert (1902) p. 143? (MD 3/03)


Ryan et al. (1984) p. 68 notice that Irish Naturalist, 5, 1896, p. 245 records Haughton as exhibiting a specimen of Tribolium ferrugineum.


A Reverend. Mentioned by Stephens (1828) pp. 9,14. (MD 3/03)

HAWARD, Alfred (d. 1870)

Published several notes on Coleoptera in the Zool. 'Cossonus linearis' (16, 1858, p. 6150); 'Carabidae in the Isle of Sheppey', (16, 1858, pp. 6251-6252); 'Emus hirtus in the Isle of Sheppey' (17, 1859, p. 6737); and 'Occurrence of Ammoecius brevis at Southport and notes on other Coleoptera' (19, 1861, pp. 7367-7368).

There is a short obituary in EMM, 7, 1870, p. 66, which mentions that he was 'well known amongst Coleopterists, and universally respected for his genial and thoroughly unassuming disposition. He died at his residence, near Croydon, about a fortnight after joining the Entomological Club on the 1 July last, at their excursion to Weybridge... Mr Haward's business occupations always prevented him giving full scope to his bent for entomology...'. (MD 3/03)


Presented various insects including Saperda from N. India to the NHM in 1856 (1856/8). (MD 3/03)

HAWKES, Onera A. Merritt

Published several important articles on ladybirds in the 1920s including 'Hibernation of Coccinellidae on mountains', EMM, 59, 1923, pp. 53-55; 'Coccinella 10-punctata a tromorphic ladybird', ibid., 63, 1927, pp. 203-208; and 'The distribution of the ladybird Adalia bipunctata', ibid., pp. 262-266. She lived at 405 Hagley Road, Birmingham.

FRES. (MD 3/03)

HAWKESWORTH, Leonard Published 'Pyrochroa serraticornis near Ripley' in Naturalist Lond., 1896, p. 210. (MD 3/03)


A Lieutenant Colonel in the army who gave more than 110 Coleoptera from Vancouver Island to the NHM in 1860 (1860/13). (MD 3/03)

HAWKINS, Charles N. (d. March 1970)

Primarily a Lepidopterist but H.E. Hinton in a short obituary in Proc. RESL, 35 (C), 1970, p. 53, mentions that he also interested himself in Coleoptera and implies that he published on them in the Society's journals and elsewhere between 1925 and 1926. In fact Hawkins' first publication on Coleoptera, as far as I am aware, was to introduce Atheta brisouti to the British list in Ent., 81, 1949, p.53. The only other article he wrote on beetles was on Anthicidae from the High Simien district of northern Ethiopia in Journal LSL, Zoo., 43, 1956, pp. 109-110. His other ten or so publications all appear to be on Lepidoptera.

Duff (1993) p.7 records that Hawkins 'visited Somerset regularly between 1944 and 1952, especially at the coast where he found many rarities. He started to compile a Somerset Coleoptera list including the results of extensive literature and museum searches but later passed all of his information to W.A. Wilson to help with the compilation of The Coleoptera of Somerset (1958)'

Hawkins and his wife were friendly with K.G. Blair and his wife (Hawkins wrote Blair's obituary in EMM, 89, 1953, pp. 25-27) and stayed with the Blairs on the Isle of Wight in their house overlooking Freshwater Marsh, in 1945, 1947 and annually between 1949-52. John Stafford, of the Isle of Wight Biological Records Centre, tells me that 'each time he sent a list of the coleoptera he found to Dr Blair... the lists include a few brief annotations by Blair (e.g. 'new to me')... one of the lists is on headed (but crossed-out) notepaper of the South London Entomological and Natural History Society. Hawkins' lists are now in my possession.

Hawkins bequeathed four store boxes of Coleoptera collected between 1944-1951 to the Somerset County Museum, Taunton, together with a meticulously kept card index which formed the basis for the Somerset list mentioned above.

FRES from 1927. Council 1938-1940. (MD 3/03)

HAWORTH, Adrian Hardy (1767 - 24 August 1833)

Famous Botanist and Lepidopterist who also collected Coleoptera although little seems to be known about his activities in this respect. There is a mention in Stephens (1828) p. 13, with regard to a specimen of Polistichus fasciolatus which he records as 'in the collection of my friend A.H. Haworth ... taken by Rev. S. Bale'. Marsham (1802) also mentions him as a friend (p. xxiii). The Strepsipteron Stylops haworthii was named after him by Stephens and there is an interesting account of the sale of the unique specimen, which Haworth retained in his cabinet, in Chalmers-Hunt (1976) p. 6. Smith (1986) includes two interesting references to Haworth's beetle collections. She records (p. 37) that in June 1823 Westwood noted in his diary calling on Haworth 'when he showed me his Coleoptera and prom'd to give me some', and that by October of the same year Westwood had completed a manuscript catalogue of Haworth's Coleoptera [presumably that now in the HDO]. She also notes (p. 124) that the 'Departmental Report of 1910 also mentions British Staphylinidae bearing Haworth labels'.

Chalmers-Hunt also refers to the sale of Haworth's other collections which included some 40,000 insects of all orders half of which were Lepidoptera. The sale took place over two weeks between 23 June and 4 July, 1834 at Stevens' rooms and included 2306 lots. Many exotic insects were included as is confirmed by a note in Eric Gowing-Scopes copy of the sale catalogue 'The results of the sale much disappointed the [Haworth] family as I have heard at the time Exotic Insects were not bought and so fetched but little'. Haworth's superb library was also sold at auction in the same year.

Haworth was involved in the foundation of the first Entomological Society and there is an interesting 'Review of the Rise and Progress of ...Entomology in Great Britain' by him in the Transactions, 1807.

There is an account in DNB, Salmon (2000), pp. 127-129 (including sketch of a portrait bust) and Gilbert (1977) lists six other references. (MD 3/03)


A Captain in the Navy after whom Prionus hayesii was named by Downes. The specimen was taken in the Bight of Biafra presumably by Hayes. At the time of its publication by Hope in Trans. Zool. Soc., 1, 1833, it was the largest known beetle. (MD 3/03)


Coleoptera bearing this name collected in Kent in 1875 are in the Hall collection at Oldham Museum (Information from Simon Hayhow). (MD 3/03)

HEALY, Charles (d. 27 December 1876)

Worked mainly on Saw Flies but did publish 'A Swarm of Ladybirds' in Zool., 4(27), 1869, p. 1840. (MD 3/03)

HEARSEY, General Sir John

Presented several gifts of insects to the NHM including 20 Coleoptera from the NW Himalaya and the Punjab (1854/74); 15 Coleoptera from S. Africa collected by Twentyman and 9 from Jamaica collected by Elmsley (1861/13); and 128 Coleoptera from Barrackpore collected by himself (1861/83). (MD 3/03)


Published a number of notes on Coleoptera in ERJV and Trans. City London Ent. Eat. Hist. Soc. from 1891. Most are accounts of collecting trips in and around London, i.e. Richmond, but some were farther afield e.g. the New Forest, Sudbury, West Wickham, etc. Heasler added Corticeus linearis (Fab.) to the British list, taken at Oxshott. (MD 3/03)


Published 'Description of a new Cetoniid beetle from E. Africa' in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 5, 1900, pp. 397-399, 546 (Golianthus wisei).

His foreign collection was acquired by T.G. Bishop. (MD 3/03)


Published 'Scymnus minimus on hollyhocks in London', EMM, 1923, p. 199. (MD 3/03)


Collected with F.A. Hunter and H.A.B. Clements in Wolverhampton in 1960s and 1970s; specimens are with Leicestershire Arts and Records Service (Fenscore National Database). (MD 3/03)


Published a number of articles on Lepidoptera and one on the Stag Beetle in Sci. Gossip, 8, 1873, p. 95. (MD 3/03)

HENDERSON, John Loftus (1884 - 13 June 1965)

Only son of John Henderson and Mary Loftus. Educated at Streatham College and joined his father at the printers Waterlows. Emigrated to Canada in 1910 and worked in the timber trade, but when war broke out he returned to England with the Canadian army and was obliged to remain here because of ill health. Subsequently he joined a firm of City accountants where he remained until he retired.

He was inspired by his father to become interested in Lepidoptera but by his late teens had taken up the Coleoptera and in particular the water beetles in which he subsequently became very knowledgeable.

Henderson added a number of species to the British list including Ceuthorhynchus turbatus Schultz and Chaetocnema aerosa Letzner and showed that Phyllobius artemisae Desb. (now vespertinus (F.)) was a valid species, he published little else however.

Henderson was an active member of BENHS being at different times Treasurer and Vice-President and he bequeathed his collections to the Society. James (1973) describes the bequest as comprising 'his fine collection of British Coleoptera, five Hill units, his binocular microscope and card index of Ashtead, Surrey, Coleoptera' (p.78)

There is an obituary notice by F. Buck in Proc. SLENHS, 1966, pp. 35-36. (MD 3/03)


Published 'Scotch Coleoptera' [beetles taken near Glagow] in EMM, 2, 1865, pp. 88-89; 'Omalium septentrionis', Ent., 3, 1866, p. 67; and 'Occurrence of species of Omalium new to Britain', EMM, 2, 1866, p. 205. This last also dealt with septentrionis which Henderson took on the Isle of Arran. He lived at 34 Hill Street, Glasgow. (MD 3/03)

HENSON, Harold Edward (born 9 May 1931)

Born at Warrington, Peterborough, Northamptonshire and educated at Kings School, Peterborough. Worked as a Manager for an Insurance Company in Kettering in 1982.

Started collecting Lepidoptera in 1945 but took up Coleoptera in 1951. Maintains an extensive collection of British material representing all groups except Staphylinidae and water beetles but strongest in Carabidae, Curculionidae, Cerambycidae, Chrysomelidae, Elateridae and Scarabaeidae. Beetles collected by him may also be found in the collections of A.B. Drane, D. Tozer, P.J.K. Burton and W. Hunt.

Henson has not published his records but has submitted many lists to English Nature in various parts of the country where he has collected. Most of his collecting has been done within twenty miles of Peterborough, but he has also collected all over Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridgeshire, and when on holiday as far away as the Spey Valley and the Cairngorms in Scotland, Snowdon and Barmouth in Wales, and the New Forest and Isle of Purbeck in Dorset and Cornwall.

Member of the Northants. Naturalists Trust (since 1970) and was made Honorary Warden for Castor Hanglands NNR in 1952. He is married and has three children. (Information from HH). (MD 3/03)

HEPBURN, Archibald

Published a number of notes on Lepidoptera and 'Glow worm in Scotland' in Zool., 3, 1845, pp. 945-946. (MD 3/03)


Published 'Acanthocinus aedilis in London' in ERJV, 10, 1898, p. 271. (MD 3/03)

HERBERT, Henry Huxley

Lived in Manchester and took a particular interest in beetles. FRES from 1957. (MD 10/03)


Published 'Apion apricans and Clover seed' in Ent., 6, 1873, pp. 388- 389. (MD 3/03)

HERD, Captain

Gave 27 Coleoptera and other insects from Fort Churchill, Hudson's Bay to the NHM in 1860 (1860/124). He gave his address as 2 Norway Place, Limehouse. (MD 3/03)


Published 'Capture of Coleoptera on Penmaen Mawr' in Zool., 22, 1864, p. 8904. Is this perhaps the same Dr Hewgill that E.C. Rye refers to as taking Stenus species at Burton-on-Trent (EMM, 1, 1864, p. 43)? (MD 3/03)


Mentioned by Stephens (1828) p. 175; Dawson (1854) p. 24; and J. Morley Coleoptera of Suffolk, various references. (MD 3/03)

HEWITSON, William Chapman (9 January 1806 - 28 May 1878)

Famous Lepidopterist who is not recorded to have had an interest in Coleoptera though it is worth noting that he published 'Note on the capture of Coleopterous insects during a flood' in Zool., 1, 1843, pp. 116-117, and he did present 14 Coleoptera from Quito to the NHM in 1846 (1846/62). (MD 3/03)


Coleoptera bearing this name collected in Surrey in 1878 are in the Hall collection at Oldham Museum (Information from Simon Hayhow). (MD 3/03)

HEY, William (?1811 - 22 November 1882)

W.W. Fowler in his obituary of Hey in EMM, mentions that Hey was fond of pointing out how his life might be divided into decades. In 1824 he was sent to school, in 1834 he took his degree, in 1844 he was made Head Master of St. Peter's School, York, in 1854 he was appointed Honorary Canon of York and Vicar of St. Helens, in 1864 he became Canon Residentiary and in 1874 Archdeacon of Cleveland.

Fowler also records that Hey 'was an enthusiastic Coleopterist... The Hydradephaga were his special study, and he thoroughly worked all the waters around York for this group: by far his best and most favourite locality was Askham Bog, from which he was perpetually sending good species to various collectors... In his collection of insects he used to point with special pride to the original Lissodema heyanum, bearing a label in Curtis' handwriting'.

Hey published two notes on water beetles in Zool., 15, 1857, pp. 5410-11 and EMM, 4, 1868, p.283.

His son William Croser inherited his father's interest in Coleoptera, and his collection (see below).

Apart from the obituary mentioned above there is another in Ent., 15, 1882, pp. 287-288. (MD 3/03)

HEY, William Croser (1853-19 May 1909)

Son of William Hey (see above) and ordained like his father. He also inherited his father's interest in water beetles and his father's collection.

Hey published various notes mainly on water beetles from 1882 when 'Notes on the time of appearance of some rare water beetles' appeared in Ent., 15, pp. 211-212. His most important articles were undoubtedly his List of the Coleoptera of Yorkshire' which was published in Trans. Yorkshire Naturalist's Union between 1885 and 1896 and amounted to 96 pages. (MD 3/03)

HEYSHAM, Thomas Coulthard (1792 - 6 April 1857)

Often confused with his father Dr John Heysham another well known Cumberland naturalist. Thomas Coulthard was born in Carlisle and devoted the greater part of his life to the study of natural history particularly ornithology, conchology, entomology and botany. He moved to Carlisle where he set up as an ornithological taxidermist. Subsequently he moved to Preston and to Warringtom where he was Curator of the Museum.

As an entomologist Heysham was interested in both the Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other orders. James Murray, in an interesting memoir of Heysham as 'A Byegone Cumberland Naturalist' in Trans. Carlisle Nat. Hist. Soc., 1, 1909, pp. 1-12 quotes correspondemce between Heysham and Rev. W. Little, John Walton, the elder Dale, Sir W. Jardine and others, much of which refers to his interest in Coleoptera and to specific captures. Frank Day in his 'The Coleoptera of Cumberland' which appeared in ibid., 1, p. 909 - 5, 1933 also includes a detailed account of Heysham's interest in Coleoptera.

Heysham's collection was auctioned by Stevens in 1859 when the NHM purchased 225 coleoptera and other insects (1859/42)

Heysham is referred to by Stevens (1828) pp. 65,177-178; (1829) p. 22, and by Dawson (1854) pp. 55,62. (MD 3/03)

HICKIN, Norman E. (1910 - 6 December 1990)

Born at Aston, Birmingham and educated at King Edward VI school and the Central Technical College graduating in 1936. As an external student at the University of London he did a PhD on the Spider beetles, Ptinidae. Subsequently took up the Anobiidae and, after working for Dunlop during the war, joined the staff of Rentokil Ltd. where he became Scientific Director, a post he held for 27 years. Wrote several text books and articles on wood boring insects particularly beetles and termites, and also articles in EMM and elsewhere on other insects, e.g. Lepidoptera, and Trichoptera on which he wrote an important work. Several notes cover woodboring beetles in Ireland and his work took him all over the world. To many Coleopterists he is probably best known for his Shire booklet Longhorn Beetles of the British Isles, 1987. His other books, of which he wrote 16, covered a diverse range of subjects from nesting boxes to postcards, Africa and Forests. Many of these were illustrated by his own drawings (more than 3000 published). He also contributed regularly to newspapers from the Kidderminster Shuttle to the Irish Times.

There are 9 manuscript diaries and notebooks in the NHM covering the period 1937-1957.

FRES and a founder member of the Society of Wildlife Artists.

There is an obituary by Peter Bateman in Antenna, 15(2), 1991, pp. 60- 61, which includes a photograph. (MD 3/03)


Smith (1986), p. 125, records that the HDO acquired Coleoptera from the Celebes from Hickson in 1885, and other insects in 1887 and 1888. (MD 5/03)


Worked for the auctioneers S. Stevens. Smith (1986), p. 125, records that he sold insects of all orders to the HDO between 1866-1876. (MD 5/03)

HIGGINS, Edmund Thomas (d.1880?)

Lived at Lord Street, Birkenhead. Published several articles on foreign Coleoptera and other insects between 1869 and 1874. These included 'Description of a new genus and species of Prionidae' in Trans. ESL, 1869, pp. 11-12. Other species were described for him by other entomologists e.g. Newman in Ent., 1842. The types of all the species described up to 1855 were presented to the NHM in 1855/91. Numerous further insects from many other localities were subsequently given to the Museum and are listed in the index to the Accessions Registers 1864-1893.

Gilbert (1977) mentions a notice in Bull. Soc. Ent. France, (5)10, 1880, p. xcvii, which I have not seen. (MD 5/03)

HIGGINS, Henry Hugh (1814 - 1893)

A Reverend. Published ten articles on Coleoptera and Lepidoptera between 1866 and 1893 including 'On the appendages of a rare coleopterous insect belonging to the family Dynastidae' in Proc. Lit. Phil. Soc. Liverpool, 32, 1878, pp. 74-76. (MD 5/03)


Gave eight collections of Coleoptera which he had taken in various parts of the world including Ireland, Australia, W. Africa and Chile to the NHM between 1895 and 1900 amounting to some five hundred specimens (1895/44 and 164; 1897/215, 264, 280; 1898/100 and 235; 1900/123). His address is recorded as 110 Mildmay Road, London, N. (MD 5/03)


Shropshire Coleopterist and Lepidopterist who published a number of notes in EMM. including 'Corymbites angustulus Kies. an elaterid new to the list of British Coleoptera' (76, 1940, p. 14). The insects, which he had taken plentifully on the banks of the River Vyrnwy, were identified for him by Donisthorpe.

Hignett's collection of 7000 specimens, mainly from the Oswestry area, housed in twenty drawers, was given to Manchester Museum via Mrs Marshall on 25 May 1952. It was accompanied by manuscript correspondence. Trevor James tells me that other beetles collected by Hignett are in the collection of North Hertfordshire Museums at Baldock. (MD 5/03)

HILL, Miss

Gave various insects to the NHM in the 1840s including buprestids (1847\6). Some were from East Africa. Is this perhaps the same Miss Hill who is referred to by Marsham (1802), as living and collecting Coleoptera in Devon (pp. xxiv, 40, 59, 73, 117, 136, 212, 218, 220, 227)? (MD 5/03)


Gave a small collection of Coleoptera from Coblentz and Lausanne to the NHM in 1852 (1852/139). (MD 5/03)

HILLABY, John Donald

Entomologist with a particular interest in beetles. Lived in Hampstead, London.

FRES 1947. (MD 5/03)


Gave various insects including Coleoptera which he had collected in Bangkok to the NHM in 1899 (1899/20). (MD 5/03)

HINCKS, Professor

Of Cork Ireland. Gave beetles from Choco, S. America to the NHM in 1851 (1851/129). (MD 5/03)

HINCKS, Christopher Frederick

Worked on Coleoptera and Strepsiptera when he lived in Penzance, Cornwall.

FRES 1963. (MD 5/03)

HINCKS, Walter Douglas (3 September 1906 - 12 July 1961)

Born in Melton Mowbray, the only son of Walter J.Hincks, the official of a life insurance company who was also a talented artist. Moved to Leeds in 1918. Entered the Leeds College of Pharmacy becoming M.P.S. at the age of 21 and then joined C.F. Thackeray and Co. a large firm of manufacturing chemists. After being promoted to manager of one of the divisions, he left in 1947 to take up the post of Keeper of Entomology at the Manchester Museum. While at the museum he was awarded a Ph.D. by the university (1954). When still in post he became ill and died at Heaton Norris, Stockport. He was cremated at Lawnswood Crematorium, Leeds. He married Jessie, daughter of Dr R.H. Hargrave, a musician, in 1932.

Hincks was an outstanding entomologist, achieving distinction in several orders particularly Dermaptera, on which he wrote two-and-a-half volumes of a four-volume World Catalogue. He is best known amongst British entomologists, however, for the Check List of British Insects which he wrote in collaboration with George S. Kloet, and published in 1945.

The Coleoptera were one of Hincks's earliest interests and he showed specimens from the Leeds area at a meeting of the Entomological Section of the Yorkshire Naturalists Union in October 1920 (Naturalist, 48, 1921, p. 30). Kloet, in his obituary in Ent., 94, 1961, pp. 181-184, wrote: 'Always interested in insects, Douglas joined the Leeds Naturalists' Club and devoted his spare time as a boy to the study of all Orders ... the Coleoptera in particular were rapidly mastered. Developing a close friendship with John R. Dibb, another enthusiast of his own age, a decision was made to examine some little known group of beetles and test their ability to undertake original research. The Passalidae were chosen and letters were sent all over the world asking for material. In a remarkably short time Hincks and Dibb issued a fine series of papers which established them as the world authorities on this hitherto little known family. In the meantime they amassed one of the largest private collections of foreign beetles in Great Britain (mainly by purchase) and successfully determined a large proportion of the species in spite of the limited library facilities at their disposal. A large section of these vast collections was presented to Leeds Museum during the war and only a few weeks later was largely destroyed during an air raid. Simultaneously Hincks was mastering the Orthoptera... investigating difficult groups like the Cassidae and Halticine beetles and becoming ever more attracted by the Hymenoptera Parasitica...'.

T.B. Kitchen, a friend from boyhood, in an obituary of Hincks in EMM, 98, 1962, pp. 22-23, noted that Hincks' particular interest in foreign beetles was stimulated by E.C. Horrell of Leeds (see below), whose own foreign collection Hincks later acquired.

By the time Hincks joined the Manchester Museum he had reorganised the collections of the York Museum, become interested in Mycology - his wife shared his enthusiasm for this subject - and started in earnest his work on Dermaptera. Later, he carried out important surveys of Spurn Head, Malham Tarn and Freshfield, and fought for the preservation of Askham Bog. He was also Editor of the Catalogus Coleoptorum and of J.G. Arrow's book Horned Beetles.

Hincks' collections of insects passed to the Manchester Museum after his death and included many types.

He was an active member of many societies being at different times President of the Yorkshire and the North Western Naturalists Unions, Vice President of the Royal Entomological Society, President of the Society for British Entomology, and a Council member of the British Trust for Entomology Ltd..

Apart from the obituaries mentioned above there are others in Ent., 94, 1961, p. 184 (by G.C. Varley); Naturalist, Hull, 880, 1962, pp. 31-32 (by T.B. Kitchen); Proc. RESL (C) 26, 1962, p. 52 (by G.C. Varley) and Coleopt. Cat. (Supplement) 35(3), 1964, pp. iii-iv (by W.D. Steele, with portrait). (MD 5/03)

HINTON, Howard Everett (1912-1977)

Born in Mexico and educated at the University of California and later at King's College, Cambridge. Took part in scientific expeditions to Mexico 1933, and to Peru, Bolivia and Brazil, 1937. Worked at the NHM 1939-1949 when he was appointed Lecturer in the Department of Zoology at Bristol Univesity where he became Head of the Department in 1970. His particular interest was in the Coleoptera, and he made extensive use of the electron microscope to study eggs, spiracles and cuticular structures. His most famous work is probably his three-volume Biology of Insect Eggs, published posthumously in 1981. He founded and edited the periodical Journal of Insect Physiology.

FRES (President). FRS.

There is a detailed account in Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 24, 1978, pp. 151-182 with bibliography and portrait. (MD 5/03)

HISLOP, Robert (1815 - 9 June 1880)

Born in Dunse, Scotland. He had two brothers who were Reverends, Alexander, a writer on religious subjects, and Stephen, a well known worker on Indian geology. He took up teaching as a profession and worked in the Glasgow Normal Seminary, the Free Church Training Schools and Blair House Academy, Polmont.

Hislop was apparently of a retiring nature and wrote only a few notes but he was an enthusiastic collector and contributed substantially to our knowledge of Scottish Coleoptera. Murray (1853), p. vii wrote of him: 'My information as to the insects of Lanarkshire and the neighbourhood of Glasgow has been almost wholly received from Mr Hislop, now at Blairlodge, near Falkirk, but formerly resident in Glasgow, who was aided in his investigations in the west by Mr John Gray, and Dr Colquhoun... Mr Hardy and Mr Hislop have added much to the list of species found in Berwickshire... the Island of Mull ... has likewise been gone over by Mr Hislop and myself.'

His first publication on Coleoptera appears to have been 'Note on Melolontha hippocastani' in Zool., 13, 1855, p. 4924 and his last 'Capture of Trechus longicornis Sturm' in Scottish Naturalist, 1, 1872, p. 212. He added two beetles to the British list: Atomaria diluta Erichson (EMM, 2, 1865, p. 139) and Negastrius pulchellus L. taken on the banks of the Findhorn in Morayshire (ibid., 5, 1868, p. 139).

Some beetles collected by Hislop are in the Perth Museum together with an annotated Catalogue of Scottish Coleoptera (I am grateful to Mr M.A. Taylor for this information). Two examples of Crioceris sp. were given to the NHM (1854/15).

There are obituaries in EMM, 7, 1880, pp. 71-72 and Scottish Naturalist, 5, 1880, p. 331. (MD 5/03)


Mentioned by Dawson (1854), p. 35. (MD 5/03)

HOBBY, Bertram Maurice (23 October 1905 - 19 July 1983)

Well known as a worker on predatory insects, particularly flies, and as the Editor-in-Chief for 45 years (1939-1983) of the EMM, a position in which he gave great help and encouragement to many writers about beetles (including myself).

Hobby did have an interest in Coleoptera, K.G.V. Smith writing in his obituary in EMM, 119, 1983, pp. 179-183: 'He never lost his interest in field work which he would indulge whenever time permitted. He delighted in bringing in the first captures each year. Apart from the Diptera he was particularly fond of searching out rare beetles and the writer of this notice remembers memorable days hunting for the rare and elusive chrysomelid Cryptocephalus primarius. The beetle was not always found but the enjoyment of the day out, the picnic and the chat was what counted.

Hobby did publish five notes on Coleoptera including 'Odontaeus armiger in Hants', EMM, 75, 1939, p. 174; 'Feeding habits of Pselaphidae', ibid., 79, 1943, p. 277; 'Phosphaneous hemipterous in Hants.', ibid., 85, 1949, p. 192; and 'Cryptocephalus primarius in Berkshire', ibid., 91, 1955, p.173. (MD 5/03)

HOBSON, Alfred Dennis (1901 - 1974)

A Professor at the University of Newcastle. Davis & Brewer (1986), p. 81, record that among many gifts of insects he gave 600 British Coleoptera and 500 foreign Coleoptera, collected by himself, to the University Zoology Department. (MD 5/03)


Mentioned by Arrow (1917) as taking Popillia species in Yatong, Tibet. (MD 5/03)

HOBSON, Edward (1782 - September 1830)

Well known Manchester musicologist who was President and Founder of the Manchester Banksian Society. He is recorded to have paid some attention to entomology in the period 1825-1827 and the beetle Chrysomela hobsoni was named after him by J.F. Stephens. A reference to him in Stephens (1829), p. 189, suggests that he may have been a friend of Rev. F.W. Hope. (MD 5/03)

HOBSON, Julian

A Colonel in the Army. Gave more than 50 beetles he had collected in Aden to the NHM in 1900 (1900/109). Perhaps this is the same J. Hobson who, as a Lieutenant, was recorded in EMM, 2, 1866, p. 72, as sending beetles from India. (MD 5/03)


Published a short note in EWI, 86, 22 May 1858, p. 61, listing beetles he had found presumably in the neighbourhood of Preston from which he wrote. (MD 5/03)


Published six or so articles on Coleoptera mainly from the Forest of Dean but also including Scotland and Deal in the EMM between 1880 and 1883. He gave his address as Coleford, Gloucestershire. Atty (1983), p. iv, mentions that he was the Curate there. (MD 5/03)


Gave 30 Coleoptera from Nepal to the NHM in 1845 (1845/9). (MD 5/03)

HOGAN, Arthur R.

A Reverend who lived at Corsham, Wiltshire. He wrote several notes about Coleoptera the most important of which was a 'Catalogue of Coleoptera found in the neighbourhood of Dublin', Nat. Hist. Rev., 1, 1854, pp. 32-34, 88-91, 98-101, with Supplement, ibid., 3, 1856, pp. 72-73. His other notes included 'Query as to Helophorus dorsalis' in Zool., 14, 1856, pp. 5111-5112 and 'Telephorus rusticus carnivorsus', ibid., 18, 1860, p. 7110.

Johnson & Halbert (1901), noted that Hogan's Dublin list was largely composed of Haliday's and Furlong's records and that it was brought up to date and re-edited by Professor R. McNab and appeared in the British Association Guide to the County of Dublin in 1878. (MD 5/03)

HOLLAND, William (1845 - 1 July 1930)

A shoemaker who established his entomological reputation with his work on Lepidoptera in the area of Reading where he lived.

In 1893 Holland moved to Oxford and joined the staff of the HDO where, under the tutelage of Professor E.B. Paulton, he turned his attention in the field to Coleoptera. J.J. Walker in his obituary in EMM, 66, 1930, p. 187, noted: 'he was among the first to reveal the exceptional richness and interest of the beetle fauna of the Oxford district. The writer ... is greatly indebted to Mr Holland for his kindness in introducing him to nearly all the principal collecting grounds in the neighbourhood of the city when he came to reside there in 1904. His discovery of Gynandrophthalma affinis at Wychwood Forest, Oxon. in 1902 and its capture there in abundance by him in the following year is especially noteworthy'. This capture was written up in EMM, 38, 1902, p. 268, where he published a number of notes on Coleoptera from 1893.

Holland left Oxford in 1913 and returned to Reading where he was employed for some time by the Hon. N. Charles Rothschild in collecting in North Devon, Wood Walton Fen and elsewhere.

Smith (1986), p. 126, records that Holland gave insects of all orders from various localities both British and foreign, and a collection of British Carabid beetles dated 1907 and 1910, to the HDO.

Member of the Reading Natural History Society which he joined in 1881. Apart from the obituary mentioned above there is another in Ent., 63, 1930, pp. 263-264. (MD 5/03)

HOLME, Frederick

Published various notes on Coleoptera between 1837 and 1845 including: 'On the Coleopterous insects observed in the Scilly Isles in July and August 1836', Trans. ESL, 2, 1837, pp. 58-64; 'Notes on the explosive properties of Brachinus crepitans', ibid., p. 7; Rough notes on the habits, manners, etc. of some of the British Brachelytra', ibid., 3, 1842, pp. 108-128; 'On the habits of Byctiscus punctulatus', Zool., 1, 1843, p. 200; 'Note on the species of Aleochara...', ibid., p.271; 'On the British species of Carabus', ibid., pp. 338-339; and 'Notes on beetles inhabiting ants nests', ibid., 2, 1844, p. 475. (MD 5/03)


A Reverend. Davis & Brewer (1986), p. 82, note that a small collection of Lepidoptera and Coleoptera collected by Hume is in the Sunderland Museum, donated on 30 May 1929. (MD 5/03)


Smith (1986), p. 78, records that there is a manuscript 'Catalogue of Coleoptera taken by myself in Gloucestershire', and letters to F.W. Hope, in the HDO. Holme is not mentioned by Atty (1983). (MD 5/03)


Smith (1986), p. 126, records that she gave Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera and Coleoptera from Virden, Manitoba to the HDO in 1899 and a further 80 insects from Laurier, Manitoba in 1901. (MD 5/03)

HOLMES, William James

Entomologist who worked on wood-boring insects in particular. Lived at East Grinstead, Sussex.

FRES 1962. (MD 5/03)


Published 'Captures of Coleoptera in Buddon Wood, Leics.' in EMM, 8, 1871, pp. 85-86. (MD 5/03)

HOME, Captain (Sir?) E.

Gave various insects including Coleoptera from Australia to the NHM in 1846 (1846/77). (MD 5/03)

HOOKER, Sir Joseph Dalton (30 June 1817 - 10 December 1911)

Son of Sir William Jackson (see below) and also a famous botanist who made many important contributions to botanical taxonomy but who is probably best known for introducing into Britain a range of previously unknown Rhododendron species and for his improvements to the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew.

There are several references to beetles being either collected or donated by 'Dr Hooker' or 'Prof Hooker', and I am confused as to which Hooker is referred to since it would appear that an interest in entomology was handed down from father to son through two generations. The NHM Accessions Registers record a number of gifts of beetles which appear to have been from Sir Joseph as follows: 44 from Guayaquil (1845/142 and 1846/4), 8 from Hergucleus land (1847/31), 45 from New Zealand and 11 from Magellen St. (1848/80), 5 from New Zealand (1852/3) and 254 from N. India, 'selected from a very large series'. The localities mentioned are ones which he could have visited on the two major botanical expeditions he made, firstly as assistant surgeon and naturalist on the expedition led by Captain James Clark Ross to locate the magnetic South Pole and to visit the Great Ice Barrier but which also included the Falkland Islands, Tasmania and New Zealand, and secondly his expedition to north eastern India from 1847 which resulted in his seven-volume Flora of British India and a general account of his travels Himalayan Journals, 1854 (which I have not seen).

There are also examples of Bruchus from Cuba, and four beetles from Caracas presented by Sir Joseph to the HDO ( Smith (1986), p.26.)

Sir Joseph 's collections in the Khasi Hills, Assam in 1853 are referred to by Arrow (1917). (MD 5/03)

HOOKER, Sir William Jackson (6 July 1785 - 12 August 1865)

The famous botanist and father of Sir Joseph Dalton (see above), who was also a Professor of Botany at Glasgow and Director of Kew Gardens. Most accounts of his life do not refer to a particular interest in entomology but he was born in the area of Norwich and DNB records that he knew Kirby, Spence and the other Norwich entomologists well. Stephens (1828), p. 52, refers to him .

There is an example of a Bruchus from Bahia in the HDO bearing Sir William's name and the date 18.8.53 (Smith (1986), p. 126). (MD 5/03)

HOOKER, Joseph

Father of Sir William Jackson (see above). He is mentioned by Morley (1899) p.2, in connection with a specimen of Calosoma sycophanta: 'Mr Kirby mentions that one was taken... by a young lady at Southwold, which is now in the cabinet of W.J. Hooker. This is Joseph Hooker of Norwich, who first took Pterostichus aterrimus Payk. in Britain'.

The NHM purchased 100 beetles at an auction in 1844 which appears to have been of this Joseph Hooker's collection. (Chalmers Hunt (1976), p. 87, records a sale taking place on 2 and 3 May 1844 at Stevens and including foreign as well as British insects). (MD 5/03)


Howard Mendel tells me that he is mentioned by Stephens (1830) as the discoverer of Anostirus castaneus in Britain and he wonders if he was one and same as Joseph Hooker. (MD 5/03)


John Stafford tells me that Hooper was a Hemipterist who recorded a number of Isle of Wight Coleoptera before 1909. He described himself as 'of the Hope Museum, Oxford' (He is not one of the 'Personalities associated with the Department' listed by Smith (1986). (MD 5/03)


Specimens bearing this name are in the H. Britten collection at Manchester Museum (Fenscore database).

HOPE, Frederick William (3 January 1797 - 15 April 1862)

Born at 37 Upper Seymour Street, London, the second son of John Thomas Hope of Netley Hall, Shrewsbury, and Ellen Hester Mary, only child and heiress of Sir Thomas Edwardes, Bart. He was privately educated by Rev. Delafosse of Richmond, and from 1817 at Christ Church, Oxford where he acquired BA in December 1820 and MA in April 1823. He was then presented to the Curacy of the family living of Frodesley in Shropshire, but was quickly obliged to retire as a result of ill health.

Hope married, on 6 June 1835, Ellen Meredith, the younger daughter and co-heiress of George Meredith of Nottingham Place, Marylebone, and Berrington Court, Worcestershire, who had earlier rejected a proposal of marriage from Benjamin Disraeli. She is recorded to have been a great supporter of her husband's interests. These included collecting engraved portraits, of which he eventually amassed some 140,000; topographical engravings, 70,000; and natural history engravings 20,000. These, together with his extensive insect collections, were given to the University of Oxford in 1849 (and subsequently added to). At the same time Hope founded a professorship of zoology, to which he nominated John O. Westwood, whom he also appointed to the curatorship of his collections.

Smith (1986), who gives a detailed account of Hope and the history of the Hope Department, explains that his involvement with entomology came about as a result of his friendship with Dr John Kidd, whose zoology lectures made a great impression on him. Hope's copy of Marsham (1802) in the Department, one of numerous printed volumes, letters and manuscripts belonging to Hope which refer to Coleoptera and are housed there (see Smith (1986), pp. 78-80 for detailed list) is interleaved and contains details of beetles captured at Oxford whilst he was still an undergraduate. James Hogan tells me that many of these notes are of 'great interest, detailing captures of species now very rare or extinct in Britain. An extract of the notes for Platycerus caraboiodes reads: This species long doubted as a native of this country was taken in July at Oxford not far from Witham cut out of a dry and almost sapless oak, another was taken flying not far from the city in 1820'.

Hope's collection of insects as given to Oxford was detailed in a manuscript schedule which is printed in full by Smith (pp. 126-128). It included 31 cabinets of varying sizes containing 964 drawers, an unspecified number of store boxes, 1800 books, 249 solanders and 18 portfolios. Much of this material relates to Coleoptera. No proper record exists for donations between 1850 and 1857 but after that date there is a list kept by Westwood. Interestingly Coleoptera are mentioned in 1857 and 1859 but after then Hope's gifts consisted mainly of other material. James Hogan tells me that Hope was also active in purchasing specimens including material from the collections of E. Donovan, J.C. Stevens, T. Marsham and T.V. Wollaston. All of Hope's known type specimens have been catalogued and removed to the type collection.

Hope's collections contained a considerable amount of material from foreign and British collectors who are listed by Smith individually in many cases.

After his death Hope's widow fulfilled his wishes by providing further endowments of 10,000 and 1,666.13.4 part of which was to pay the salary of the Keeper of Engravings. She also gave several portraits of her husband including the oil painting by Lowes Dickinson which hangs in the room containing the collections. Other portraits hang in the Ashmolean Museum.

Hope's publications included some 60 papers on entomology of which the majority were on Coleoptera, many describing new genera and species from abroad. His Coleopterists Manual, containing the Lamellicorn beetles of Linnaeus and Fabricius, 3 vols. 1837-40, is the publication for which he is perhaps best known.

FRS. FLS. Took an active part in founding the Zoological Society. Founder Member of the Entomological Society of which he was subsequently Treasurer, President and Vice-President at different times. He was also the recipient of many foreign honours.

Gilbert (1977) gives a list of six obituaries and other notices the chief of which are Gentleman's Magazine, 1862, pp. 785-788 and T.J. Pettigrew's obituary prefixed to J.O. Westwood, Theasaurus Entomologicus Oxoniensis, 1874. (MD 5/03)

HORNE, Charles (1824 - 21 March 1872)

Died in Norwood, south London, but had previously spent many years in India, initially in the Civil Service and later as a judge. His entomological interests covered several orders including beetles on which he published 'Exploding property of Paussidae', Zool., 4, 1846, p. 1357, and 'Singular use for a Bupestris at Madras', ibid., p.1357. He is recorded to have made extensive collections which were almost destroyed at the time of the Indian Mutiny.

FES and Member of the Horticultural Society and attended their meetings. FLS (elected a few days before his death).

There are obituaries in Trans. ESL, (Proc.), 1872, p. l; Ent., 6, 1872, p. 104; and EMM, 8, 1872, p. 295. (MD 5/03)

HORNER, Arthur Claypon (d. 3 August 1893)

Youngest son of Rev. Joseph Horner of Everton, Bedfordshire. He was educated at St. Bartholomew's Hospital and admitted MRCS in 1872. Prior to this he had acted as surgeon in the Franco-Prussian War. He was also a surgeon on the 'Pandora' during the Arctic voyage which that vessel made in 1875-76, and he published some notes on Arctic Natural History when he returned.

Horner's main enthusiasm in entomology appears to have been for the Coleoptera and he published several notes on beetles in the district of Tonbridge, where he lived, in EMM (22, 1885, pp. 88-89; 24, 1887, p. 69) and in Trans. ESL at the same time. He appears to have been friendly with W.G. Blatch and a visit which they made to Sherwood Forest was written up in EMM, 28, 1892, pp. 303-304.

There is an obituary in ibid., 29, 1893, p. 240 and another in Trans. ESL, (Proc.), 56, 1893. (MD 5/03)


Mentioned in Stephens (1828), p. 176. (MD 5/03)

HORRELL, Ernest Charles (1899 - 1939)

T.B. Kitchen records in EMM, 98, 1962, p. 22 that Horrell inspired W.D. Hincks to become interested in foreign Coleoptera and that he had a collection which Hincks subsequently acquired. Hancock & Pettit (1981) record that there is a collection of mosses in Bolton Museum which Horrell exchanged for duplicate British Coleoptera, and that his address at that time was 49 Danby Street, Peckham, London. (MD 5/03)


Mentioned by Murray (1853), p. viii. Is this, perhaps, the same Horsburgh who sold various insects including 13 Coleoptera from Sarawak to the NHM in 1855 (1855/7)? (MD 5/03)


Sold (?) 271 Coleoptera from Java to the NHM in 1848 (1848/92). (MD 5/03)


Published 'Saperda carcharias at Cambridge' in Ent., 23, 1890, p. 262. (MD 5/03)


A dental surgeon who lived at Moseley and who is believed to have taken up entomology late in life. He was active in the Birmingham Natural History and Philosophical Society and left his twelve drawer collection of British beetles to it. (Centenary History of the Society, 1958, p. 37). (MD 5/03)


A Doctor. Smith (1986) p. 128 records that he gave Coleoptera from the Celebes collected 1895-96, including mounts with two or more specimens, to the HDO in 1914. (MD 5/03)


Published 'Sphaeridium scaraboides L.' in Ent. News, 9, 1898, p. 172. (MD 5/03)

HOUGHTON, William (1829? - 1897)

Published several books and a number of articles on entomology some of which are on Coleoptera. These include 'The great water beetle' Intell. Observ., 6, 1864, pp. 147-154, and Sketches of British Insects: a Handbook for Beginners in the Study of Entomology, 1875, second edition 1892. (MD 5/03)

HOWARD, John Anthony Cecil (b. 6 April 1925)

Forest entomologist who worked at Tabora, Tanganyika and had a particular interest in bark beetles. His parents lived in Liverpool.

FRES 1958. (MD 5/03)


Curator of Sheffield City Museum from 1876-1928 and presented to the Museum (in 1883) a collection of over 200 invertebrates (mostly moths and beetles) from Yorkshire, Derbyshire, Isle of Man and Cumbria, collected between 1880 and 1883. (Fenscore database). (MD 5/03)

HOWDEN, James C.

Published 'Capture of Coleoptera in Scotland' in Zool., 6, 1848, pp. 2044-45. (MD 5/03)

HUDD, Alfred Edmund (1845 - 7 October 1920)

Lepidopterist, but he did publish one article on Coleoptera: 'Dryops femorata near Bristol' in EMM, 7, 1871, p. 227. (MD 5/03)

HUDSON, George Vernon (20 April 1867 - 5 April 1946)

Well-known New Zealand entomologist who was born in London. His father was an artist who taught him to paint insects well enough that he was able to write and illustrate a small book at the age of twelve. Almost all his publications were on subjects other than beetles although he did write a number of works on glow worms in New Zealand e.g. Ent., 24, 1891, pp. 26-29. In spite of this his obituary in Proc. RESL, C, 11, 1946-47, p. 61, states that he was 'an assiduous collector, especially of the Coleoptera'. These insects are presumably now in the Dominion Museum at Wellington to which he bequeathed all his collections (He died in the field with a copy of South's Moths open on his lap!).

Hudson was a friend of J.J. Walker and sent many beetles to him after 1939 which are now in the HDO.

Hudson was also an astronomer and discovered the star Nova Aquilae. (MD 5/03)


See BEARE, Sir Thomas Hudson


Published a number of notes on Coleoptera including 'Strangalia aurulenta (F) in West Cork', Ent., 86, 1953, p. 40; 'Some notes on Strangalia aurulenta (F)', Ent. Rec., 65, pp. 149-150; 'Cetonia aurata ab. nigra in the Isles of Scilly', Ent., 92, p. 26. (MD 5/03)

HUGHES, Richard Owen

Lepidopterist who also collected beetles. Lived at Talybont, Nr Bangor.

FRES 1954. (MD 5/03)


Published 'The Furniture Beetle' in Sci. Gossip, 14, 1878, p. 22. (MD 5/03)


Formed collections of insects including Coleoptera which passed from Shipley Art Gallery to Sunderland Museum in 1976. Davis & Brewer (1986), p. 84, suggest that the collections were probably added to by Thomas James and W.B. Charlton. (MD 5/03)

HUMPHREYS, Henry Noel (1810 - 1879)

Well-known illustrator and Lepidopterist. He did publish two notes on Coleoptera: 'The burying beetles or sextons' in Recr. Science, 1860, pp. 306-310, and 'The English beetles and their relatives in the tropics', ibid.,3, 1863, pp. 1-10. (I have a great deal of information about this chap if anybody is interested). (MD 5/03)


Harvey et al. (1996), p. 108, record that a MS Notebook listing 1029 Coleoptera from Trinidad is in the NHM (1953-636). (MD 5/03)

HUNT, William

Lived in Barnstaple where he was organist of the Parish church. His collection is in Leicester Museum. Ernest Lewis, who knew Hunt, has written to me about him as follows: 'I think he lived in the Lake District in earlier years ... In July 1961 I spent a day collecting with Hunt at Braunton Burrows, the only time I met him. He was of a solitary character and I am not sure that he ever published anything or joined any societies. My introduction came through a friend, Walter Watts, who spent collecting holidays with him, but I do not know how they met'. (MD 5/03)


Cambridge graduate who was Land Pests Officer for MAFF, Ilkeston, Derbyshire in the 1960s. Published Ecology of Pine Wood Beetles [in native pine woods of Scotland], in J. Terr. Ecol. 1977.

He is known to have collected with C. Henderson and H.A.B. Clements in the 1960s and 70s and his collection of c.4350 specimens (strong on cerambycids), accompanied by a MS catalogue, is in Leicester Museum. (Fenscore database). (MD 5/03)

HUNTER, William (13 February 1728 - 16 October 1793)

This is the well-known Dr Hunter, Court Physician to Queen Charlotte, consort of George III, and founder of the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow. Hunter originally intended his collections (most of which related to his work as a surgeon and not to entomology which formed only a small part) to form part of a School of Anatomy and Medicine in London but chose Glasgow University when this proposal failed to find support with the Government. Fabricius's involvement came about during one of his various journeys around Europe pursuing entomological matters. In his autobiography (translated from the Danish by Frederick Hope and published in Trans. ESL, iv, 1845) Fabricius mentions his indebtedness to Dr Solander at the British Museum who introduced him to Hunter and others 'whose houses and libraries and collections were soon opened to me. I determined and described the insects and arranged the species of the collections'. After receipt at Glasgow the collections were greatly enriched by the addition of further collections e.g. those of Thomas G. Bishop and James F.X. King. The types described by Fabricius formed the subject of a paper by Richard Staig: The Fabrician Types of Insects in the Hunterian Collection at Glasgow University, Coleoptera Part 1, Cambridge, 1931. (I am grateful to Geoff Hancock who kindly supplied me with a photocopy of part of this). Staig noted that Hunter had acquired several types of species founded by the French entomologist Antoine G. Olivier. (MD 5/03)

HUNTER, Samuel Kennedy Piccavor

Worked on stored product Coleoptera when he lived at Feltham in Middlesex.

FRES 1951. (MD 5/03)

HUTTON, Frederick Wollaston (1836 - 27 October 1905)

Nephew of Thomas Vernon Wollaston. Hutton became a well-known New Zealand natural historian after emigrating there shortly after 1866 when he retired from the army. He was at one time Professor of Zoology at Christchurch. Among the many important works he carried out on the islands was the publication of the Index Faunae Novae Zelandiae, 1904, which listed all the insects known at that time. He is included here because he took the weevil Pentarthrum huttoni in Devonshire which Wollaston named after him.

Gilbert (1977) lists six obituaries and other notices. (MD 5/03)

Last updated: 17 December 2003